When your Period thinks it would be hilarious to turn up late, for most of us, it is definitely not a bundle of laughts. When you are used to having regular periods and even when there is Zero possibility that you could be pregnancy, that is exactly what our first thoughts are!
So before you add a Pregnancy Test to your Bloody Marvellous subscription box have a read of the other possible reasons your Period might be late, ranging from stress & hormones to birth control so let’s look at eight possible reasons for your late period.
Prolonged periods of stress can affect your menstrual cycle, making it longer or shorter and even causing you to miss one completely! Some women also report more painful period cramps when experiencing stress.
Avoiding the situations that cause the stress, taking regular exercise and getting enough sleep can help you eliminate stress and maintain a regular menstrual cycle.
If you are experiencing chronic stress, you might find it beneficial to speak to a doctor or counsellor, who can help to identify effective coping mechanisms.
The average onset of menopause is around the age of 52 when a woman has not had a period for at least 12 months.
However, many women experience symptoms as early as 10 to 15 years before menopause. This is known as perimenopause and indicates that oestrogen levels are beginning to fluctuate.
Irregular oestrogen levels can alter your menstrual cycle, making it common for women in perimenopause to experience irregular or missed periods. Once a woman has gone a full year without a period, she is said to have gone through menopause.
Significant weight loss or intense exercise can also cause you to miss a period. Being underweight or having a low body-fat ratio, which is quite common with athletes, can alter reproductive hormone levels, lowering them to levels where ovulation and menstruation do not occur.
If you have missed one or several periods after losing a significant amount of weight, you should consult a doctor or strength and conditioning coach/dietician about getting the appropriate amount of vitamins, minerals, and nutrients that your body needs, so that your fertility is not compromised.
Obesity – Weight Gain
Just as weight loss can cause you to miss a period, being overweight can also affect your menstrual cycle.
Obesity and missed periods can sometimes signal that a woman has a medical condition, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), so it is important for you to be correctly diagnosed by a doctor.
The doctor may recommend blood tests or an ultrasound to look at the ovaries to make sure that no underlying medical conditions are causing missed periods.
Some types of birth control, particularly hormonal methods, can cause you to miss a period.
Typically, hormonal birth control provides a form of oestrogen combined with progesterone for a set amount of time, followed by several hormone-free days. The withdrawal of these hormones triggers a period.
Sometimes, these hormones keep the lining of the uterus so thin that there is not enough of the lining to cause a period. This applies to all forms of hormonal birth control, including pills, patches, shots, implants, and rings.
In most cases, this is not harmful, but women should speak to a doctor with any concerns about their birth control method.
Some hormones, such as prolactin or thyroid hormones, can cause you to miss her period.
If a hormonal imbalance is responsible for a missed or late period, it can easily be detected with a blood test.
The cause of these hormonal imbalances needs to be investigated by a doctor. Some hormonal imbalances are a common problem that runs in families, or they might be caused by something much more serious. In many cases, taking medication can help periods return to their normal cycle.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
PCOS is one of the most common hormonal disorder among women of childbearing age.
Though the symptoms vary between individual women, those who have PCOS tend to have abnormal hormone levels, which can cause small cysts to develop on the ovaries, acne, excess facial and body hair, male-pattern baldness, and obesity. Irregular or even absent periods are also a common feature of this condition.
Women who suspect that they have PCOS should visit their doctor for an evaluation. If not properly treated, an absence of periods during childbearing years may cause endometrial cancer.
You should not rule out pregnancy as a possible reason if your period is late, even if they are using contraception you can still get pregnant even if they use birth control correctly.
A sexually active woman, with a late period should use a home pregnancy test – which you can add to your monthly box.
🌟It is important to note that there are NO FORMS of birth control that are 100 percent effective. Anyone who is pregnant should seek prenatal healthcare right away.🌟
A woman who has a negative result on the home pregnancy test but whose period still does not start should see a doctor.
When To See Your Doctor
If you are concerned about missed periods, it can be helpful to keep a written record of your periods, including the start and end dates, and a list of any other associated symptoms.
If your doctor has a written record to refer to, they will be able to make a diagnosis more quickly. Using a simple calendar can work, but there are also apps available for smartphones.